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Verse (5:6), Word 44 - Quranic Grammar


The 44th word of verse (5:6) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is wāw jīm hā (و ج ه). The attached possessive pronoun is second person masculine plural. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)

your faces
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (5:6)

The analysis above refers to the sixth verse of chapter 5 (sūrat l-māidah):

Sahih International: O you who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janabah, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. Allah does not intend to make difficulty for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you that you may be grateful.

See Also

2 messages


7th February, 2010

N- genitive feminine (ACQ) singular noun

Abdul Rahman

7th February, 2010

My preference is for N - genitive plural noun. Singular form, waw jim ha, masculine. Out of 38 occurrences of this plural noun, the gender is relevant in only 16 cases. 3:106, 3:106, 3:106, 3:107, 10:27, 20:111, 27:90, 33:66, 39:60, 67:27, 75:22, 75:24, 80:38, 80:40, 88:2, and 88:8. Please see my comments on 5:11:14.

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