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Verse (54:45), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (54:45) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A future particle and verb. The prefixed future particle sa is used in combination with the imperfect (present tense) verb to form the future tense. The passive imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine singular and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is hā zāy mīm (ه ز م).

Chapter (54) sūrat l-qamar (The Moon)

Soon will be defeated
FUT – prefixed future particle sa
V – 3rd person masculine singular passive imperfect verb
حرف استقبال
فعل مضارع مبني للمجهول

Verse (54:45)

The analysis above refers to the 45th verse of chapter 54 (sūrat l-qamar):

Sahih International: [Their] assembly will be defeated, and they will turn their backs [in retreat].

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds