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Verse (54:29), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (54:29) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A resumption particle, verb and subject pronoun. The connective particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate a sequence of events. The form III perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is nūn dāl wāw (ن د و). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (54) sūrat l-qamar (The Moon)

But they called
REM – prefixed resumption particle
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form III) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الفاء استئنافية
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (54:29)

The analysis above refers to the 29th verse of chapter 54 (sūrat l-qamar):

Sahih International: But they called their companion, and he dared and hamstrung [her].

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds