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Verse (41:11), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (41:11) is a feminine noun and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is sīn mīm wāw (س م و).

Chapter (41) sūrat fuṣṣilat (Explained in Detail)

the heaven
N – genitive feminine noun اسم مجرور

Verse (41:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 41 (sūrat fuṣṣilat):

Sahih International: Then He directed Himself to the heaven while it was smoke and said to it and to the earth, "Come [into being], willingly or by compulsion." They said, "We have come willingly."

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1 message


19th January, 2014

the word "al sama" is singular, thus it could mean "sky" or "heaven" and since it mentions the plural of this word (samawat) later in 41:12 the latter word is more likely to refer to "heavens".

Cross-reference the word "smoke", it only appears one other time in Quran and that is 44:10 and that verse clearly shows that when the singular "al sama" will be with smoke it will envelop the people thus further confirms it refers to "sky" or our "atmosphere".

Thus the sequence in these verses would be:

created the earth in two periods/ages

made mountains, measured its provisions in four periods/ages

the sky/atmosphere was smoke and some sort of event happened to earth and sky (to make it ready i presume)

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds