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Verse (23:40), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (23:40) is divided into 3 morphological segments. An emphatic prefix, verb and emphatic suffix. The prefixed particle lām is usually translated as "surely" or "indeed" and is used to add emphasis. The form IV imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is ṣād bā ḥā (ص ب ح). The verb (يصبح) belongs to a special group of words known as kāna and her sisters (كان واخواتها). The suffixed emphatic particle is known as the nūn of emphasis (نون التوكيد).

Chapter (23) sūrat l-mu'minūn (The Believers)

surely they will become
EMPH – emphatic prefix lām
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) imperfect verb
EMPH – emphatic suffix nūn
اللام لام التوكيد
فعل مضارع من اخوات «كان» والنون للتوكيد

Verse (23:40)

The analysis above refers to the 40th verse of chapter 23 (sūrat l-mu'minūn):

Sahih International: [Allah] said, "After a little, they will surely become regretful."

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Language Research Group
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