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Verse (19:78), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (19:78) is divided into 2 morphological segments. An interrogative alif and verb. The prefixed alif is an interrogative particle used to form a question and is usually translated as "is", "are", or "do". The form VIII perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine singular. The verb's triliteral root is ṭā lām ʿayn (ط ل ع).

Chapter (19) sūrat maryam (Mary)

Has he looked
INTG – prefixed interrogative alif
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form VIII) perfect verb
الهمزة همزة استفهام
فعل ماض

Verse (19:78)

The analysis above refers to the 78th verse of chapter 19 (sūrat maryam):

Sahih International: Has he looked into the unseen, or has he taken from the Most Merciful a promise?

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds