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Verse (12:6), Word 20 - Quranic Grammar


The twentieth word of verse (12:6) is a masculine proper noun and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The case marker is a fatḥah instead of a kasrah because the proper noun is a diptote (ممنوع من الصرف).

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)

PN – genitive masculine proper noun → Ibrahim اسم علم مجرور بالفتحة بدلاً من الكسرة لأنه ممنوع من الصرف

Verse (12:6)

The analysis above refers to the sixth verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: And thus will your Lord choose you and teach you the interpretation of narratives and complete His favor upon you and upon the family of Jacob, as He completed it upon your fathers before, Abraham and Isaac. Indeed, your Lord is Knowing and Wise."

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1 message

Maqbool Ahmad

3rd July, 2015

1. Since there is a zumma on لُ in مِنْ قَبْلُ so how come إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْحَاقَ are اسم علم مجرور in

(12:6:20) مِنْ قَبْلُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْحَاقَ. I thought these should be اسم منصوب. For اسم علم مجرور

should the لُ in مِنْ قَبْلُ not be with kasra.

2. In (2:43:3) آتُوا الزَّكَاةَ and (2:277:8) آتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ . Please explain why in first case

و is sakin and in second case it has a zumma?

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