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Verse (114:1), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (114:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is rā bā bā (ر ب ب). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (114) sūrat l-nās (Mankind)

in (the) Lord
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (114:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 114 (sūrat l-nās):

Sahih International: Say, "I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind,

See Also

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10th September, 2013

Rabb is Sifat or Ni'at (not a noun)

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds