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Verse (111:4), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (111:4) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The noun is feminine and is in the nominative case (مرفوع). The noun's triliteral root is mīm rā hamza (م ر أ). The attached possessive pronoun is third person masculine singular.

Chapter (111) sūrat l-masad (The Palm Fibre)

And his wife,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – nominative feminine noun → Umm Jamil
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
الواو عاطفة
اسم مرفوع والهاء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (111:4)

The analysis above refers to the fourth verse of chapter 111 (sūrat l-masad):

Sahih International: And his wife [as well] - the carrier of firewood.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds