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Verse (8:51), Word 9 - Quranic Grammar


The ninth word of verse (8:51) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (8) sūrat l-anfāl (The Spoils of War)

to His slaves.
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (8:51)

The analysis above refers to the 51st verse of chapter 8 (sūrat l-anfāl):

Sahih International: That is for what your hands have put forth [of evil] and because Allah is not ever unjust to His servants."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds