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Verse (8:23), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (8:23) is a perfect verb (فعل ماض). The verb is third person masculine singular. The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م).

Chapter (8) sūrat l-anfāl (The Spoils of War)

(had) known
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb فعل ماض

Verse (8:23)

The analysis above refers to the 23rd verse of chapter 8 (sūrat l-anfāl):

Sahih International: Had Allah known any good in them, He would have made them hear. And if He had made them hear, they would [still] have turned away, while they were refusing.

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