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Verse (39:40), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (39:40) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and object pronoun. The form IV imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine singular and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is khā zāy yā (خ ز ي). The attached object pronoun is third person masculine singular.

Chapter (39) sūrat l-zumar (The Groups)

disgracing him
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form IV) imperfect verb
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular object pronoun
فعل مضارع والهاء ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (39:40)

The analysis above refers to the 40th verse of chapter 39 (sūrat l-zumar):

Sahih International: To whom will come a torment disgracing him and on whom will descend an enduring punishment."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds