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Verse (17:11), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar

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The third word of verse (17:11) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine singular and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is shīn rā rā (ش ر ر). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (17) sūrat l-isrā (The Night Journey)


(17:11:3)
bil-shari
for evil
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine singular noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (17:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 17 (sūrat l-isrā):

Sahih International: And man supplicates for evil as he supplicates for good, and man is ever hasty.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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