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Verse (18:37) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (18) sūrat l-kahf (The Cave)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(18:37:1)
qāla
Said
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(18:37:2)
lahu
to him
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(18:37:3)
ṣāḥibuhu
his companion
N – nominative noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
اسم مرفوع والهاء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(18:37:4)
wahuwa
while he
CIRC – prefixed circumstantial particle
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular personal pronoun
الواو حالية
ضمير منفصل
(18:37:5)
yuḥāwiruhu
was talking to him,
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form III) imperfect verb
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular object pronoun
فعل مضارع والهاء ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(18:37:6)
akafarta
"Do you disbelieve
INTG – prefixed interrogative alif
V – 2nd person masculine singular perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الهمزة همزة استفهام
فعل ماض والتاء ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(18:37:7)
bi-alladhī
in One Who
P – prefixed preposition bi
REL – masculine singular relative pronoun
جار ومجرور
(18:37:8)
khalaqaka
created you
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular object pronoun
فعل ماض والكاف ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(18:37:9)
min
from
P – preposition
حرف جر
(18:37:10)
turābin
dust
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun → Dust
اسم مجرور
(18:37:11)
thumma
then
CONJ – coordinating conjunction
حرف عطف
(18:37:12)
min
from
P – preposition
حرف جر
(18:37:13)
nuṭ'fatin
a minute quantity of semen.
N – genitive feminine indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(18:37:14)
thumma
then
CONJ – coordinating conjunction
حرف عطف
(18:37:15)
sawwāka
fashioned you
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form II) perfect verb
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular object pronoun
فعل ماض والكاف ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(18:37:16)
rajulan
(into) a man?
N – accusative masculine indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(18:38:1)
lākinnā
But as for me,
ACC – accusative particle
PRON – 1st person plural object pronoun
حرف نصب من اخوات «ان» و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل نصب اسم «لاكن»
(18:38:2)
huwa
He
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular personal pronoun
ضمير منفصل
(18:38:3)
l-lahu
(is) Allah,
PN – nominative proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مرفوع
(18:38:4)
rabbī
my Lord,
N – nominative masculine noun
PRON – 1st person singular possessive pronoun
اسم مرفوع والياء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(18:38:5)
walā
and not
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
NEG – negative particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف نفي
(18:38:6)
ush'riku
I associate
V – 1st person singular (form IV) imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(18:38:7)
birabbī
with my Lord
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 1st person singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والياء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(18:38:8)
aḥadan
anyone.
N – accusative masculine indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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