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Verse (18:38), Word 7 - Quranic Grammar

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The seventh word of verse (18:38) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is rā bā bā (ر ب ب). The attached possessive pronoun is first person singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (18) sūrat l-kahf (The Cave)


(18:38:7)
birabbī
with my Lord
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 1st person singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والياء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (18:38)

The analysis above refers to the 38th verse of chapter 18 (sūrat l-kahf):

Sahih International: But as for me, He is Allah , my Lord, and I do not associate with my Lord anyone.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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