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Quran Dictionary - ش ر ق

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The triliteral root shīn rā qāf (ش ر ق) occurs 17 times in the Quran, in six derived forms:

  • once as the form IV verb ashraqati (أَشْرَقَتِ)
  • once as the adjective sharqiyy (شَرْقِيّ)
  • once as the noun sharqiyyat (شَرْقِيَّة)
  • 11 times as the noun mashriq (مَشْرِق)
  • once as the form IV verbal noun ish'rāq (إِشْرَاق)
  • twice as the form IV active participle mush'riqīn (مُّشْرِقِين)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form IV) - to shine

(39:69:1) wa-ashraqatiAnd (will) shine وَأَشْرَقَتِ الْأَرْضُ بِنُورِ رَبِّهَا وَوُضِعَ الْكِتَابُ

Adjective

(19:16:10) sharqiyyaneastern وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ مَرْيَمَ إِذِ انْتَبَذَتْ مِنْ أَهْلِهَا مَكَانًا شَرْقِيًّا

Noun

(24:35:23) sharqiyyatin(of the) east يُوقَدُ مِنْ شَجَرَةٍ مُبَارَكَةٍ زَيْتُونَةٍ لَا شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَلَا غَرْبِيَّةٍ

Noun

(2:115:2) l-mashriqu(is) the east وَلِلَّهِ الْمَشْرِقُ وَالْمَغْرِبُ فَأَيْنَمَا تُوَلُّوا فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ
(2:142:14) l-mashriqu(is) the east قُلْ لِلَّهِ الْمَشْرِقُ وَالْمَغْرِبُ يَهْدِي مَنْ يَشَاءُ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ
(2:177:7) l-mashriqithe east لَيْسَ الْبِرَّ أَنْ تُوَلُّوا وُجُوهَكُمْ قِبَلَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ
(2:258:31) l-mashriqithe east قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْتِي بِالشَّمْسِ مِنَ الْمَشْرِقِ
(7:137:6) mashāriqa(the) eastern (parts) وَأَوْرَثْنَا الْقَوْمَ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا يُسْتَضْعَفُونَ مَشَارِقَ الْأَرْضِ وَمَغَارِبَهَا الَّتِي بَارَكْنَا فِيهَا
(26:28:3) l-mashriqi(of) the east قَالَ رَبُّ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ
(37:5:7) l-mashāriqi(of) each point of sunrise رَبُّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا وَرَبُّ الْمَشَارِقِ
(43:38:9) l-mashriqayni(of) the East and the West حَتَّىٰ إِذَا جَاءَنَا قَالَ يَا لَيْتَ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَكَ بُعْدَ الْمَشْرِقَيْنِ
(55:17:2) l-mashriqayni(of) the two Easts رَبُّ الْمَشْرِقَيْنِ وَرَبُّ الْمَغْرِبَيْنِ
(70:40:4) l-mashāriqi(of) the risings فَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِرَبِّ الْمَشَارِقِ وَالْمَغَارِبِ إِنَّا لَقَادِرُونَ
(73:9:2) l-mashriqi(of) the east رَبُّ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ فَاتَّخِذْهُ وَكِيلًا

Verbal noun (form IV)

(38:18:7) wal-ish'rāqiand [the] sunrise إِنَّا سَخَّرْنَا الْجِبَالَ مَعَهُ يُسَبِّحْنَ بِالْعَشِيِّ وَالْإِشْرَاقِ

Active participle (form IV)

(15:73:3) mush'riqīnaat sunrise فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الصَّيْحَةُ مُشْرِقِينَ
(26:60:2) mush'riqīna(at) sunrise فَأَتْبَعُوهُمْ مُشْرِقِينَ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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