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Verse (78:19), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (78:19) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A conjunction and verb. The prefixed conjunction fa is usually translated as "and". The perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person feminine singular. The verb's triliteral root is kāf wāw nūn (ك و ن). The verb (كانت) belongs to a special group of words known as kāna and her sisters (كان واخواتها).

Chapter (78) sūrat l-naba (The Great News)

and becomes
CONJ – prefixed conjunction fa (and)
V – 3rd person feminine singular perfect verb
الفاء عاطفة
فعل ماض

Verse (78:19)

The analysis above refers to the nineteenth verse of chapter 78 (sūrat l-naba):

Sahih International: And the heaven is opened and will become gateways

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds