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Verse (55:5), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (55:5) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ḥā sīn bā (ح س ب). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (55) sūrat l-raḥmān (The Most Gracious)

by (precise) calculation,
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (55:5)

The analysis above refers to the fifth verse of chapter 55 (sūrat l-raḥmān):

Sahih International: The sun and the moon [move] by precise calculation,

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