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Verse (40:63), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (40:63) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is feminine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is hamza yā yā (أ ي ي). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (40) sūrat ghāfir (The Forgiver God)

(the) Signs
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine plural noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (40:63)

The analysis above refers to the 63rd verse of chapter 40 (sūrat ghāfir):

Sahih International: Thus were those [before you] deluded who were rejecting the signs of Allah.

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