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Verse (40:20), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (40:20) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A circumstantial particle and relative pronoun. The connective particle wa is usually translated as "while" and is used to indicate the circumstance of events. The relative pronoun is masculine plural.

Chapter (40) sūrat ghāfir (The Forgiver God)

while those (whom)
CIRC – prefixed circumstantial particle
REL – masculine plural relative pronoun
الواو حالية
اسم موصول

Verse (40:20)

The analysis above refers to the twentieth verse of chapter 40 (sūrat ghāfir):

Sahih International: And Allah judges with truth, while those they invoke besides Him judge not with anything. Indeed, Allah - He is the Hearing, the Seeing.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds