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Verse (38:63), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (38:63) is divided into 4 morphological segments. An interrogative alif, verb, subject pronoun and object pronoun. The prefixed alif is an interrogative particle used to form a question and is usually translated as "is", "are", or "do". The form VIII perfect verb (فعل ماض) is first person plural. The verb's triliteral root is hamza khā dhāl (أ خ ذ). The suffix (نا) is an attached subject pronoun. The attached object pronoun is third person masculine plural.

Chapter (38) sūrat ṣād

Did we take them
INTG – prefixed interrogative alif
V – 1st person plural (form VIII) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural object pronoun
الهمزة همزة استفهام
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (38:63)

The analysis above refers to the 63rd verse of chapter 38 (sūrat ṣād):

Sahih International: Is it [because] we took them in ridicule, or has [our] vision turned away from them?"

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds