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Verse (38:51), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (38:51) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is feminine singular and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is fā kāf hā (ف ك ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (38) sūrat ṣād

for fruit
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine singular indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (38:51)

The analysis above refers to the 51st verse of chapter 38 (sūrat ṣād):

Sahih International: Reclining within them, they will call therein for abundant fruit and drink.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds