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Verse (23:98), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (23:98) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and personal pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The personal pronoun is second person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (23) sūrat l-mu'minūn (The Believers)

in You,
P – prefixed preposition bi
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular personal pronoun
جار ومجرور

Verse (23:98)

The analysis above refers to the 98th verse of chapter 23 (sūrat l-mu'minūn):

Sahih International: And I seek refuge in You, my Lord , lest they be present with me."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds