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Verse (7:172), Word 14 - Quranic Grammar

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The fourteenth word of verse (7:172) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is rā bā bā (ر ب ب). The attached possessive pronoun is second person masculine plural. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (7) sūrat l-aʿrāf (The Heights)


(7:172:14)
birabbikum
your Lord?"
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (7:172)

The analysis above refers to the 172nd verse of chapter 7 (sūrat l-aʿrāf):

Sahih International: And [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam - from their loins - their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], "Am I not your Lord?" They said, "Yes, we have testified." [This] - lest you should say on the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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