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Verse (5:41), Word 23 - Quranic Grammar

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The 23rd word of verse (5:41) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The indefinite noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is qāf wāw mīm (ق و م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)


(5:41:23)
liqawmin
for people,
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (5:41)

The analysis above refers to the 41st verse of chapter 5 (sūrat l-māidah):

Sahih International: O Messenger, let them not grieve you who hasten into disbelief of those who say, "We believe" with their mouths, but their hearts believe not, and from among the Jews. [They are] avid listeners to falsehood, listening to another people who have not come to you. They distort words beyond their [proper] usages, saying "If you are given this, take it; but if you are not given it, then beware." But he for whom Allah intends fitnah – never will you possess [power to do] for him a thing against Allah. Those are the ones for whom Allah does not intend to purify their hearts. For them in this world is disgrace, and for them in the Hereafter is a great punishment.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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