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Verse (5:40), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (5:40) is an imperfect verb (فعل مضارع). The verb is second person masculine singular and is in the jussive mood (مجزوم). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م).

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)

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V – 2nd person masculine singular imperfect verb, jussive mood فعل مضارع مجزوم

Verse (5:40)

The analysis above refers to the 40th verse of chapter 5 (sūrat l-māidah):

Sahih International: Do you not know that to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth? He punishes whom He wills and forgives whom He wills, and Allah is over all things competent.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds