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Verse (52:29), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (52:29) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is nūn ʿayn mīm (ن ع م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (52) sūrat l-ṭūr (The Mount)

(are) by (the) grace
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (52:29)

The analysis above refers to the 29th verse of chapter 52 (sūrat l-ṭūr):

Sahih International: So remind [O Muhammad], for you are not, by the favor of your Lord, a soothsayer or a madman.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds