The sixth word of verse (3:166) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A supplemental particle, preposition and noun. The supplemental particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so". The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is hamza dhāl nūn (أ ذ ن). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the 166th
verse of chapter 3 (sūrat
Sahih International: And what struck you on the day the two armies met was by permission of Allah that He might make evident the [true] believers.
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