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Verse (31:12), Word 7 - Quranic Grammar

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The seventh word of verse (31:12) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (31) sūrat luq'mān


(31:12:7)
lillahi
to Allah."
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (31:12)

The analysis above refers to the twelfth verse of chapter 31 (sūrat luq'mān):

Sahih International: And We had certainly given Luqman wisdom [and said], "Be grateful to Allah." And whoever is grateful is grateful for [the benefit of] himself. And whoever denies [His favor] - then indeed, Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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