The twelfth word of verse (31:12) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is feminine singular and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is nūn fā sīn (ن ف س). The attached possessive pronoun is third person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the twelfth
verse of chapter 31 (sūrat
Sahih International: And We had certainly given Luqman wisdom [and said], "Be grateful to Allah." And whoever is grateful is grateful for [the benefit of] himself. And whoever denies [His favor] - then indeed, Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy.
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