The tenth word of verse (31:12) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A resumption particle, accusative particle and preventive particle. The connective particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate a sequence of events. The accusative particle belongs to a special group of words known as inna and her sisters (ان واخواتها). The preventive particle mā stops inna from taking its normal role in the sentence. Together the segments are known as kāfa wa makfūfa (كافة ومكفوفة).
The analysis above refers to the twelfth
verse of chapter 31 (sūrat
Sahih International: And We had certainly given Luqman wisdom [and said], "Be grateful to Allah." And whoever is grateful is grateful for [the benefit of] himself. And whoever denies [His favor] - then indeed, Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy.
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