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Verse (2:3), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (2:3) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ghayn yā bā (غ ي ب). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (2) sūrat l-baqarah (The Cow)

in the unseen,
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (2:3)

The analysis above refers to the third verse of chapter 2 (sūrat l-baqarah):

Sahih International: Who believe in the unseen, establish prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them,

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