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Verse (2:30), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar

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The fourth word of verse (2:30) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is mīm lām kāf (م ل ك). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (2) sūrat l-baqarah (The Cow)


(2:30:4)
lil'malāikati
to the angels,
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (2:30)

The analysis above refers to the 30th verse of chapter 2 (sūrat l-baqarah):

Sahih International: And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority." They said, "Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?" Allah said, "Indeed, I know that which you do not know."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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