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Verse (23:89), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (23:89) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (23) sūrat l-mu'minūn (The Believers)

P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (23:89)

The analysis above refers to the 89th verse of chapter 23 (sūrat l-mu'minūn):

Sahih International: They will say, "[All belongs] to Allah." Say, "Then how are you deluded?"

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds