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Verse (14:31), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar

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The fifth word of verse (14:31) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The form IV imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is qāf wāw mīm (ق و م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (14) sūrat ib'rāhīm (Abraham)


(14:31:5)
yuqīmū
(to) establish
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (14:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 14 (sūrat ib'rāhīm):

Sahih International: [O Muhammad], tell My servants who have believed to establish prayer and spend from what We have provided them, secretly and publicly, before a Day comes in which there will be no exchange, nor any friendships.

See Also

2 messages

Maqbool Ahmad

14th December, 2016

What makes this (14:31:5) منصوب ?

Abdul Rahman

19th December, 2016

It is mansoob, because the meaning of يقيموا here is actually ليقيموا , that is "tell My servants who have believed to establish prayer..." This is the " lām of purpose (لام التعليل)" which has been omitted but implied . The Prophet (pbuh) is here asked to command the believers to establish prayer...whether they will obey or not, that is not certain.

However, if يقيموا is considered to be in the jussive mood (مجزوم) then it would have the meaning of jawāb amr (جواب أمر) , the result of the imperative. The meaning would then be, upon the Prophet telling the believers to establish prayer, their obedience to the command is certain..they WILL establish prayer upon hearing the command. And Allah knows best.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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