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Verse (14:31), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar

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The second word of verse (14:31) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The attached possessive pronoun is first person singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (14) sūrat ib'rāhīm (Abraham)


(14:31:2)
liʿibādiya
to My slaves
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural noun
PRON – 1st person singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والياء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (14:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 14 (sūrat ib'rāhīm):

Sahih International: [O Muhammad], tell My servants who have believed to establish prayer and spend from what We have provided them, secretly and publicly, before a Day comes in which there will be no exchange, nor any friendships.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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