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Verse (13:33), Word 10 - Quranic Grammar

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The tenth word of verse (13:33) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (13) sūrat l-raʿd (The Thunder)


(13:33:10)
lillahi
to Allah
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (13:33)

The analysis above refers to the 33rd verse of chapter 13 (sūrat l-raʿd):

Sahih International: Then is He who is a maintainer of every soul, [knowing] what it has earned, [like any other]? But to Allah they have attributed partners. Say, "Name them. Or do you inform Him of that which He knows not upon the earth or of what is apparent of speech?" Rather, their [own] plan has been made attractive to those who disbelieve, and they have been averted from the way. And whomever Allah leaves astray - there will be for him no guide.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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