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Verse (53:1) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (53) sūrat l-najm (The Star)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(53:1:1)
wal-najmi
By the star
P – prefixed preposition wa (oath)
N – genitive masculine noun → Star
جار ومجرور
(53:1:2)
idhā
when
T – time adverb
ظرف زمان
(53:1:3)
hawā
it goes down,
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(53:2:1)

Not
NEG – negative particle
حرف نفي
(53:2:2)
ḍalla
has strayed
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(53:2:3)
ṣāḥibukum
your companion
N – nominative noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
اسم مرفوع والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(53:2:4)
wamā
and not
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
NEG – negative particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف نفي
(53:2:5)
ghawā
has he erred,
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(53:3:1)
wamā
And not
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
NEG – negative particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف نفي
(53:3:2)
yanṭiqu
he speaks
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(53:3:3)
ʿani
from
P – preposition
حرف جر
(53:3:4)
l-hawā
the desire.
N – genitive masculine noun
اسم مجرور
(53:4:1)
in
Not
NEG – negative particle
حرف نفي
(53:4:2)
huwa
it
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular personal pronoun
ضمير منفصل
(53:4:3)
illā
(is) except
RES – restriction particle
أداة حصر
(53:4:4)
waḥyun
a revelation
N – nominative masculine indefinite noun
اسم مرفوع
(53:4:5)
yūḥā
revealed,
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form IV) passive imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
فعل مضارع مبني للمجهول منصوب
(53:5:1)
ʿallamahu
Has taught him
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form II) perfect verb
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular object pronoun
فعل ماض والهاء ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(53:5:2)
shadīdu
the (one) mighty
N – nominative masculine singular noun
اسم مرفوع
(53:5:3)
l-quwā
(in) power,
N – genitive plural noun
اسم مجرور
(53:6:1)
dhū
Possessor of soundness.
N – nominative masculine singular noun
اسم مرفوع
(53:6:2)
mirratin
Possessor of soundness.
N – genitive feminine indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(53:6:3)
fa-is'tawā
And he rose,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction fa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form VIII) perfect verb
الفاء عاطفة
فعل ماض
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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