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Verse (114:1) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (114) sūrat l-nās (Mankind)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(114:1:1)
qul
Say,
V – 2nd person masculine singular imperative verb
فعل أمر
(114:1:2)
aʿūdhu
"I seek refuge
V – 1st person singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(114:1:3)
birabbi
in (the) Lord
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
جار ومجرور
(114:1:4)
l-nāsi
(of) mankind,
N – genitive masculine plural noun
اسم مجرور
(114:2:1)
maliki
(The) King
N – genitive masculine singular noun → King
اسم مجرور
(114:2:2)
l-nāsi
(of) mankind,
N – genitive masculine plural noun
اسم مجرور
(114:3:1)
ilāhi
(The) God
N – genitive masculine singular noun
اسم مجرور
(114:3:2)
l-nāsi
(of) mankind,
N – genitive masculine plural noun
اسم مجرور
(114:4:1)
min
From
P – preposition
حرف جر
(114:4:2)
sharri
(the) evil
N – genitive masculine singular noun
اسم مجرور
(114:4:3)
l-waswāsi
(of) the whisperer,
N – genitive masculine singular noun
اسم مجرور
(114:4:4)
l-khanāsi
the one who withdraws,
ADJ – genitive masculine singular adjective
صفة مجرورة
(114:5:1)
alladhī
The one who
REL – masculine singular relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(114:5:2)
yuwaswisu
whispers
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(114:5:3)

in
P – preposition
حرف جر
(114:5:4)
ṣudūri
(the) breasts
N – genitive masculine plural noun
اسم مجرور
(114:5:5)
l-nāsi
(of) mankind,
N – genitive masculine plural noun
اسم مجرور
(114:6:1)
mina
From
P – preposition
حرف جر
(114:6:2)
l-jinati
the jinn
N – genitive feminine noun → Jinn
اسم مجرور
(114:6:3)
wal-nāsi
and men.
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – genitive masculine plural noun
الواو عاطفة
اسم مجرور
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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