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Verse (9:5), Word 17 - Quranic Grammar

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The seventeenth word of verse (9:5) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The form IV perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is qāf wāw mīm (ق و م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)


(9:5:17)
wa-aqāmū
and establish
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (9:5)

The analysis above refers to the fifth verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: And when the sacred months have passed, then kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every place of ambush. But if they should repent, establish prayer, and give zakah, let them [go] on their way. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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