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Verse (9:43), Word 12 - Quranic Grammar

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The twelfth word of verse (9:43) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A conjunction and verb. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine singular and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م).

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)


(9:43:12)
wataʿlama
and you knew
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 2nd person masculine singular imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
الواو عاطفة
فعل مضارع منصوب

Verse (9:43)

The analysis above refers to the 43rd verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: May Allah pardon you, [O Muhammad]; why did you give them permission [to remain behind]? [You should not have] until it was evident to you who were truthful and you knew [who were] the liars.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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