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Verse (97:4), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar

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The fifth word of verse (97:4) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is hamza dhāl nūn (أ ذ ن). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (97) sūrat l-qadr (The Night of Decree)


(97:4:5)
bi-idh'ni
by (the) permission
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (97:4)

The analysis above refers to the fourth verse of chapter 97 (sūrat l-qadr):

Sahih International: The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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