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Verse (83:31), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (83:31) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The form VII perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is qāf lām bā (ق ل ب). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (83) sūrat l-muṭafifīn (Those Who Deal in Fraud)

they returned
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form VII) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (83:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 83 (sūrat l-muṭafifīn):

Sahih International: And when they returned to their people, they would return jesting.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds