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Verse (7:23), Word 9 - Quranic Grammar

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The ninth word of verse (7:23) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and object pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person feminine singular and is in the jussive mood (مجزوم). The verb's triliteral root is rā ḥā mīm (ر ح م). The attached object pronoun is first person plural.

Chapter (7) sūrat l-aʿrāf (The Heights)


(7:23:9)
watarḥamnā
and have mercy (on) us,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person feminine singular imperfect verb, jussive mood
PRON – 1st person plural object pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل مضارع مجزوم و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (7:23)

The analysis above refers to the 23rd verse of chapter 7 (sūrat l-aʿrāf):

Sahih International: They said, "Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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