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Verse (5:60), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar

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The fourth word of verse (5:60) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is masculine singular and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is shīn rā rā (ش ر ر). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)


(5:60:4)
bisharrin
(of) worse
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine singular indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (5:60)

The analysis above refers to the 60th verse of chapter 5 (sūrat l-māidah):

Sahih International: Say, "Shall I inform you of [what is] worse than that as penalty from Allah? [It is that of] those whom Allah has cursed and with whom He became angry and made of them apes and pigs and slaves of ‹aghut. Those are worse in position and further astray from the sound way."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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