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Verse (5:18), Word 23 - Quranic Grammar

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The 23rd word of verse (5:18) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A resumption particle, preposition and proper noun. The connective particle wa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate a sequence of events. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)


(5:18:23)
walillahi
And for Allah
REM – prefixed resumption particle
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
الواو استئنافية
جار ومجرور

Verse (5:18)

The analysis above refers to the eighteenth verse of chapter 5 (sūrat l-māidah):

Sahih International: But the Jews and the Christians say, "We are the children of Allah and His beloved." Say, "Then why does He punish you for your sins?" Rather, you are human beings from among those He has created. He forgives whom He wills, and He punishes whom He wills. And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them, and to Him is the [final] destination.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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