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Verse (59:2), Word 31 - Quranic Grammar


The 31st word of verse (59:2) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A noun and possessive pronoun. The noun is feminine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is qāf lām bā (ق ل ب). The attached possessive pronoun is third person masculine plural.

Chapter (59) sūrat l-ḥashr (The Gathering)

their hearts
N – genitive feminine plural noun → Heart
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
اسم مجرور و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (59:2)

The analysis above refers to the second verse of chapter 59 (sūrat l-ḥashr):

Sahih International: It is He who expelled the ones who disbelieved among the People of the Scripture from their homes at the first gathering. You did not think they would leave, and they thought that their fortresses would protect them from Allah ; but [the decree of] Allah came upon them from where they had not expected, and He cast terror into their hearts [so] they destroyed their houses by their [own] hands and the hands of the believers. So take warning, O people of vision.

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