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Verse (53:31), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar

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The first word of verse (53:31) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, preposition and proper noun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (53) sūrat l-najm (The Star)


(53:31:1)
walillahi
And for Allah
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
الواو عاطفة
جار ومجرور

Verse (53:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 53 (sūrat l-najm):

Sahih International: And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth - that He may recompense those who do evil with [the penalty of] what they have done and recompense those who do good with the best [reward] -

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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