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Verse (4:166), Word 12 - Quranic Grammar


The twelfth word of verse (4:166) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)

P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (4:166)

The analysis above refers to the 166th verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa):

Sahih International: But Allah bears witness to that which He has revealed to you. He has sent it down with His knowledge, and the angels bear witness [as well]. And sufficient is Allah as Witness.

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University of Leeds