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Verse (4:102), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar

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The fourth word of verse (4:102) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction fa is usually translated as "and". The form IV perfect verb (فعل ماض) is second person masculine singular. The verb's triliteral root is qāf wāw mīm (ق و م). The suffix (التاء) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)


(4:102:4)
fa-aqamta
and you lead
CONJ – prefixed conjunction fa (and)
V – 2nd person masculine singular (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الفاء عاطفة
فعل ماض والتاء ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (4:102)

The analysis above refers to the 102nd verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa):

Sahih International: And when you are among them and lead them in prayer, let a group of them stand [in prayer] with you and let them carry their arms. And when they have prostrated, let them be [in position] behind you and have the other group come forward which has not [yet] prayed and let them pray with you, taking precaution and carrying their arms. Those who disbelieve wish that you would neglect your weapons and your baggage so they could come down upon you in one [single] attack. But there is no blame upon you, if you are troubled by rain or are ill, for putting down your arms, but take precaution. Indeed, Allah has prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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